On March 1, 1737, the important Russian architect Vassily Bazhenov was born.
Traveling in France and Italy from 1760 to 1764, Bazhenov became interested in various styles of art, from classicism and baroque to gothic. His earliest and most ambitious project (1767-1775) was the reconstruction of the Kremlin and Red Square as one unified architectural ensemble, but work was stopped early on by Catherine II, because the State ran out of money.
Yet Bazhenov’s introduction of the classicist style was to have a lasting influence on Russian architecture. His project for Tsaritsyno, an imperial residence outside Moscow, was also stopped short of completion and today is a picturesque ruin rebuilt to something of what it should have become. Among some of Bazhenov’s other famous works are the Moscow homes of Dolgov (1770), Yushkov (1780s) and Pashkov (1784-1786).
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