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VIKENTY VIKENTEVICH VERESAYEV (born Smidovich, 1867-1945) was a writer, literary scholar, translator and doctor. At the end of the 19th century, he was closely connected with the revolutionary movement, and his works described the hopeless and burdensome life of average Russians. At the same time, he worked as a doctor and, during the Russo-Japanese War, as a military doctor. One of his most famous works, Notes of a Doctor (1901), shocked readers with its description of the horrific condition of medicine in Russia. After the revolutions of 1905 and especially 1917, he became disillusioned with revolutionary ideas and with the possibility of using force to change the world. He increasingly devoted his efforts to purely literary pursuits, and did a great deal of translating. It was during this period that Veresayev created his two most famous books, Pushkin in Life (1926) and Gogol in Life (1933), developing a new type of biography that combined varied, often contradictory, sources: letters, diaries and recollections of contemporaries. Neither work has been translated into English.