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BORIS LEONIDOVICH PASTERNAK (1890-1960) was one the greatest Russian writers of the 20th century. He was the author of many collections of poetry that exerted great influence on the development of Russian poetry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his novel, Doctor Zhivago, but was pressured and persecuted into refusing it. Pasternak was also one of the greatest translators of the Soviet era, translating a wealth of classical texts, including Shakespeare, Goethe and others), as well as a huge number of poems.